What are the limitations on home-growing cannabis?
- Under federal legislation, Canadians wishing to cultivate a small personal supply of cannabis are able to purchase their seeds from a provincially regulated retailer.
- Canadians are allowed to grow up to four cannabis plants per residence for personal use from licensed seeds.
- Renters, condo-dwellers and those who live in multi-family dwellings might be restricted from growing cannabis in their homes based on rules established in rental agreements or condominium bylaws.
- Individuals wishing to cultivate a limited amount of legal cannabis for personal use must do so themselves and may not designate another person to do so for them.
- The only exception will continue to be for individuals who have been authorized by their healthcare practitioner to use cannabis for medical purposes. In these situations, they may, if they are unable to cultivate their own cannabis, designate an individual to do so for them. This ensures that an individual who may be physically unable to cultivate their own cannabis for medical purposes can continue to have reasonable access to cannabis for medical purposes.
Check with your housing agreements and bylaws for information on safe and legal cannabis home growing.
- Cannabis products harm children and pets. Lock your grow space and products and dispose of waste safely.
- When home growing or storing cannabis, keep the Alberta Poison and Drug Information Service (PADIS) number handy and close by: 1-800-332-1414. If you think your child has ingested cannabis call PADIS.
- Keep your indoor air healthy. Monitor humidity levels. Use dehumidifiers and a carbon monoxide detector as needed both inside and outside the growing area.
- Limit, select and carefully use pesticides. Even food-grade pesticides are not safety-tested for typical cannabis use.
- Be aware of your building's electrical and fire safety limits.
- Grow safely and within the law. Organic solvents for cannabis processing are dangerous and have legal consequences.
- Check with your landlord or building manager for any restrictions before starting up a home grow space.
- Limit ultraviolet light exposure to your eyes and skin.
How can I store my cannabis?
- Cannabis should always be stored in a locked area out of sight and reach of children and teens. Keep the product in the original packaging which is marked with the universal sign for THC.
- What happens if a child eats or drinks cannabis?
- Cannabis can make children very sick. If they eat or drink any cannabis products call PADIS at 1-800-332-1414. PADIS can be reached 24 hours a day. If you have any reason to believe your child has been exposed to cannabis, call PADIS.
- In other areas that have legalized cannabis, the rates of poisonings from cannabis have gone up. Remember that children can be poisoned from eating butts, papers or other residues.
- Pets are also at risk of poisonings. Call your vet if your pet eats or drinks any cannabis products, or substances related to your personal cannabis consumption (butts, papers, residues, etc.).
What are the limitations on transporting cannabis?
- Consuming cannabis in/on any motor vehicle is illegal, with the exception of those being used as a temporary residences (such as a parked RV).
- Within Canada, you are allowed to transport cannabis in a vehicle, but it must be secured in closed packaging and not within reach of the driver or occupants.
- Travelling with recreational cannabis is allowed within Canada and its provinces, provided it was purchased from a provincially licensed retailer or grown in your own home under current regulations. However, international travel with recreational cannabis is not allowed regardless of your destination.
- Tourists who purchase recreational cannabis in Canada are not allowed to take it across federal borders.
- Carrying any cannabis or cannabis products (legal or illegal) across Canada's borders will remain a serious criminal offence, with individuals convicted of engaging in such activities liable for prosecution.
Safe disposal of cannabis
- If, for any reason, you need to dispose of cannabis, to protect others, especially children, youth, or pets in your household, you should render any excess amount(s) unfit for use or consumption prior to disposing of it. One method of disposing of excess cannabis is to blend the cannabis with water and mix it with cat litter, to mask the odour, and then place it in your regular household garbage.
- It is not advisable to burn your dried cannabis or plants.
Cannabis in Canada
Cannabis laws are different in each province and territory in Canada. Differences include legal age, locations where cannabis can be sold and consumed, and possession limits.
When travelling in Canada, it is your responsibility to understand and follow local laws. Check out provincial and territorial websites for more details:
- Northwest Territories
- British Columbia
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- New Brunswick
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island