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Inhalation is the most common way cannabis is consumed. Cannabinoids, including THC and CBD, are absorbed into the body through inhaling vaporized or smoked cannabis into the lungs.
Smoking is the direct inhalation of smoke from dried cannabis. Delivery methods for smoking include, pre-rolls, pipes, bowls, water pipes, bongs and hookahs. Smoking cannabis is the most harmful way of using because it directly affects and damages your lungs.
Vaping delivers cannabis in a vapour form through heating a cannabis extract or dried product. The high heat turns the product into vapour without burning, which is then inhaled. Vaping exposes you to different chemical compounds with their own risks and harms. Vaping directly affects and may damage your lungs. The long-term effects of vaping remain unknown.
Dabbing refers to inhaling high potency cannabis extracts with the use of equipment such as a dab rig. A dab of extract is placed on a hot surface and the fumes are inhaled. New or occasional users should not start with high potency products due to the increased risks of negative side effects such as dizziness, nausea and anxiety. Choosing lower THC products may lower the risk of greening out. Dabbing may affect lung health and cause lung damage in all users.
Health effects are felt within seconds to minutes and can last up to six hours or more.
Ingesting means eating, drinking or swallowing cannabis. Cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, are absorbed through the digestive track and processed by the liver. Ingested cannabis will affect you differently than inhaled cannabis and can have longer effects. Avoid driving or other safety-related tasks for an extended period of time after ingesting cannabis.
Yes. Because absorption into the blood stream of cannabis is much slower when it is swallowed or eaten, it can be more unpredictable than smoking it. Edible cannabis comes in a variety of food and beverage forms.
Oils can be taken by mouth, put into food or beverages, or swallowed as capsules.
The effects of edible cannabis take longer to feel and are more intense. Wait up to 4 hours before taking more.
Topicals are lotions, creams, oils, etc. that have been infused with cannabis extracts and are absorbed into the bloodstream through the skin.
When topicals are used as recommended, it is unlikely that the cannabinoids will produce an intoxicating effect.